Pluto and its moons Charon, Nix and Hydra, photographed in 2005 by the Hubble Space Telescope.
A Dwarf planet with its moons Charon, Hydra and Nix
Mass: 1.25 * 1022 kg
Distance from the sun: 4.5 bis 7.5 bill. km
Equatorial diameter: 2390 km
Since its discovery in 1930, Pluto was considered to be the 9th and outermost planet of the solar system. Since 2006, it has been classified as a dwarf planet. Its distance from the sun fluctuates from 29 to 43 astronomical units. A complete orbit takes 248 years. It’s one of the approx. 1000 known trans-neptune objects of Orian’s belt.
These objects move in almost circular or strongly elliptical orbits that are 5 billion to 150 billion KM from the sum. Pluto and its moon, Charon, orbit each other in a 6-day, 6 hour double bond rotation, meaning that they always face each other on the same side as our moon faces the earth.
The NASA probe New Horizon started toward Pluto in 2006 and will fly by Pluto and Saturn in 2050.
Pluto was named after the Roman god of the underworld (Hades in Greek). Charon carries the name of the boatman who brought the shadows of the dead over the river Styx into the realm of the dead.
Dwarf planet Haumea with two moons, artificial image of A.Field, Space Telescope Science Institute.
Dwarf planet with two moons
Mass: 3.9 * 1021 kg
Distance from the Sun: 5.2 to7.7 bill. km
Equatorial diameter: 1,100 km
Pole diameter:: 2 ,200 km
Haumea, named after the hawaian goddess of fertility, is a dwarf planet and belongs to the subclass of Plutoids. Around her orbit the two moons Hi’iaka and Namanka, named after the daughters of Haumea.
Haumea rotates once in four hours around its own axis of rotation and is therefore very flattened.
The bright light of the dwarf planet Makemake, picture taken by HST in 2006
Distance from the sun: 6.9 bill. km
Equatorial diameter: 1,800 km
Makemake is a spherical dwarf planet of the Kuiper Belt, named after the goddess of fertility of the Easter Island. It was discovered in 2005 at the same time as Haumea and Eris. Its mass is unknown, because no moon is discovered till now to calculate the mass with its orbital periods.
Eris and its moon Dysnomia, photographed by HST in a longtime expositoure.
Dwarf planet with a moon
Mass: 1,7 * 1022 kg
Distance from the sun: 6 to 14 billion km
Equatorial diameter: 2 400 km
Eris is the largest and most distant dwarf planet. One year on Eris lasts 557 years on earth, it takes sunlight 9 hours from Eris to reach the earth.
On the Danube Planet Trail a bike ride from Eris to the Sun model will take about half an hour. So you will move with multiple light speed in this model.
Eris is named after the goddess of discord and the moon Dysnomia is named after the goddess of the “lawless”.